HarlowBadgerGroup Discovering the world of the badger People living in Harlow   80,000 Badgers living in Harlow UNKNOWN! Where do Badgers live? Badgers live in an underground tunnel complex called a sett. These can range in size from a single hole to a complex sett with over a hundred entrances. They are found over a large percentage of the UK, but are absent in much of Scotland, the Isle of Man and areas of Norfolk where the terrain is either unsuitable for digging setts, or there is insufficient food to support them. The average size of a Badger’s territory is 1 Km2. When do Badgers breed? Badgers can mate and conceive at anytime of the year, but due to a process called 'delayed implantation', the fertilised egg does not implant in the womb and begin to develop until late October/early November. Gestation is around 12 weeks and virtually all Badgers are therefore born within the first 2 weeks of February. Litters will consist of 2 or 3 Cubs usually. Do Badgers pair for life?  No, but they may remain as partners for years. Each group (or clan) has a dominant boar, which will mate with the dominant sow On reaching maturity, males usually leave the group to find a clan or partner elsewhere. Once a dominant boar is past his best, and can’t defend his territory, he may be ousted by one of his own offspring or an adolescent male from a different clan. How do Badgers recognise each other? Badgers, as will all members of the Mustlid family, use scent marking, or 'Musking' to recognise members of their own family. Scent marking is also used to mark their pathways, boundaries or territories, where latrines are found. Badgers intruding from a different territory will have a different scent and will therefore be quickly identified. It is believed that Badgers distinctive facial stripes are also used at night to aid recognition. How many Badgers are there? There are 8 species of Badgers in the world, but only one found in the UK, the European or Eurasian Badger, it’s Latin name - Mele Mele. Studies are undertaken regularly to determine the population of Badgers in the UK, and the results of the most recent survey showed an estimated population of 70,000 Badgers. The previous surveys showed a population of 550,000 Badgers in 1986, and 250,000 Badgers in 1991. The Asiatic stink badgers of the genus Mydaus were formerly included in the Melinae and Mustelidae, but recent genetic evidence indicates that these are actually members of the skunk family, placing them in the taxonomic family Mephitidae. Frequently Asked Questions....... Essex Badger Hotline 07751 572 175